Chronic Kidney Disease: Implications for Progression Using Telehealth Monitoring
Keywords:chronic kidney disease, cost effective, management, tele-nephrology, telehealth, telemedicine
Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a complex and common medical condition requiring a multidisciplinary management approach, including control of multiple parameters to delay progression of the disease. Telehealth has been used for monitoring chronic conditions and can be used for managing chronic kidney disease.
Materials and Methods: Patients (N = 34) with CKD Stage II-V were studied for four months. Vital signs, weight, intake and output, blood glucose level, oxygen saturation, and edema were checked twice weekly by trained nurses, transmitted via WhatsApp, and incorporated into the electronic medical records of the patients. Monthly serum creatinine, hemoglobin, and electrolytes were obtained and reviewed by a nephrologist. Necessary intervention was conveyed to the patients.
Results: Patient satisfaction rate with telehealth management was high. Measured parameters were maintained in the recommended range in a higher percentage of the study group compared to the controls. Glomerular filtration rate was maintained in a significantly more patient in the study group (p<0.001).
Conclusions: Telehealth monitoring of patients with CKD (tele-nephrology) is a viable and effective option for management of this increasingly prevalent disease.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem with increasing severity in renal dysfunction extending to dialysis.
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